Any land that is blessed with Natural resources, is a land filled with hope and promises, it can be something that can divide the land or a big step in building a great Nation. In Nigeria we are blessed with so many Natural resources that if we use it properly it can transform our dear country to a "Great Nation" Now I am going to discuss some natural resources found in South South Geopolitical zone in Nigeria. In south south, we have six States in it and which consist of Akwa Ibom. Cross River. Bayelsa. Rivers. Delta. Edo. The first in our list is Akwa Ibom State, lying between latitudes 4°32′N and 5°33′N, and longitudes 7°25′E and 8°25′E and is bordered on the east by Cross River State on the west by Rivers State and Abia State, with its creation in the year 1987 with over 5 million people. The amazing about Akwa Ibom is that, it is the highest oil- and gas-producing state in the country, Plus other mineral resources such as limestone, clay, gold, salt, coal, silver nitrate and glass sand. Crude oil in the Niger Delta was first discovered at Ikot Akata in what is now Akwa lbom State during the early fifties following exploration for petroleum which began in Nigeria in 1937. Commercial discovery was, however, made at Olobiri in what is now Bayelsa State, with production beginning in 1958. In Akwa lbom, offshore production of crude oil, condensate and gas by Mobil Petroleum Nigeria Limited, now Exxon/Mobil, has rendered the state the largest petroleum producer in Nigeria. The Qua lboe Terminal (QIT) on the Akwa lbom coast is one of the largest production facilities in the Niger Delta. Their soil is host to a number of mineral resources that can be commercially exploited. There are both the metallic and non - metallic minerals which have been fairly distributed across the various local government areas of the state. A number of studies have been undertaken by the Federal Government owned Raw Materials Research and Development Council, RMRDC, on their uses and application. These studies are readily available to investors. Akwa Ibom State is set for the orderly and ecologically sound exploitation of these minerals in partnership with the private sector. (Wow!). My next State in the list is Cross River State. Cross River (of which its native name is Oyono), is the main river in southeastern Nigeria and gives its name to Cross River State. It originates in Cameroon, where it takes the name of the Manyu River. Cross River is blessed with some Natural resources, but their is six major natural resources which includes: Limestone Gravels Brine Clay Forest River Limestone Limestone can be found in abundant quantity in Mfamosing. The limestone is mined for use in United Cement Company owned by Holcim, Lafrage and Flour Mills of Nigeria. The limestone at Mfamosing is considered one of the purest in Nigeria with 97% of limestone. It has a layer thickness of 50cm and it is also the largest deposit in Nigeria Economic Values of Limestone Limestone is generally used for making cement. It is used in the manufacture of glass. Limestone is poured in lakes and soil to neutralize its acidity. 2. Notable Natural Resources In Calabar – Gravel Calabar is blessed with an abundant supply of gravel. Gravels are fragments of unconsolidated rock which vary in size from granule to large gravels known as boulders. There are two types of gravel based on the udden-wentworth scale; the granular gravel and the pebble gravel. The granular gravel varies in size from 2 to 4mm while the pebble gravel varies in size from 4 to 64 mm. Gravel is formed by the weathering of rocks due to the action of agents such as sea waves, animals and man activities. Economic Values of Gravel Gravel is widely used in the construction industry for making stone dust and stone base used in concrete. Large gravel or boulders are used as a foundation material to increase bearing capacity of weak soil. Gravel is used in road construction in many parts of Nigeria and the world. 3. Notable Natural Resources In Calabar – Brine Brine can be found in Ikom-Calabar. It is a very important industrial component. Brine is made up of two chemical compounds; sodium and Chorine. It is obtained by solar evaporation. Brine obtained from the basins of evaporating lakes can be manufactured by first boiling it and filtering. Economic Values of Brine Brine is used to manufacture chlorine in large quantities through the process of electrolysis. Brine is widely used in food preservation to preserve meat in corned beef and also in pickling. Brine is used to transfer heat in refrigerator due to their low freezing temperatures. 4. Notable Natural Resources In Calabar – Clay Clay is found in commercial quantities in Calabar, Nigeria. Clay has a plastic property, it tend to stretch when wet and when it is heated it become very hard. It is gotten from unconsolidated rock matter. The components of clay are silica, alumina and water. It also contains oxides of iron, alkali and alkaline earth. There is also the presence of crystalline substances such as quartz, feldspar, and mica. Economic Values of Clay Clay is widely used in the ceramic industry for the manufacture of earthen wares Clay is used for making Kaolin clay which is used for making skin care products. Clay is used for making building materials Clay can be used to remove heavy metals from waste water and the air due to its strong absorbent property. Clay has wide application in cement production, paper making and chemical filtering. 5. Notable Natural Resources In Calabar – Forest Calabar Nigeria is blessed with very big forest that can be harnessed for producing various forest product. Some of the economic trees present in the forest of Calabar are Pogea Mimosop, Ebony, Mahogany and Cedar. The rich forest in Calabar is aided by the high rainfall experienced in the region. The forest is home to several animal and plant species interacting to form a close system. Economic Values of Forest Forest trees such as mahogany are used in industries to produce timber products Forest can serve as a means of generating revenues for the government when it is turned to a recreational facility. Forest can be used to protect the watershed, reduce soil erosion and maintain water cycle. Forest helps to protect people from the adverse effect of global warming by using up the carbon dioxide in the air, hence helping to reduce it. 6. Notable Natural Resources In Calabar – River Calabar is blessed with the Calabar River which is a source of various aquatic resources. The river in caliber has a natural deep harbor as such it is been currently developed into a port city with all its attendants effects. The geological features of the river include Cretaceous sediments of the Calabar flank, Pre-Cambrian Oban Massif and the Niger Delta Sedimentary basin. The Calabar River flows from the north of Calabar to the south of Cross Rivers state. It Economic Values of the River The Calabar River serves as a source of fish, which can be used to generate revenue for small holder fishermen as well as the government. Calabar River is used as a port to exports goods such as palm oil and fishes to other parts of the world. The river can be used to supply water to the township of Calabar, hence helping to solve of the most important need of man. The ports in Calabar can help to build local economies around the city with different economic activities going leading to direct and indirect employment of the people of Calabar. Another in the list is Bayelsa, is a state in southern Nigeria in the core Niger Delta region, between Delta State and Rivers State. Its capital is Yenagoa. The main language spoken is Ijaw with dialects such as Kolukuma, Mein, Bomu, Nembe, Epie-Atisa, and Ogbia. Like the rest of Nigeria, English is the official language. The state was formed in 1996 from part of Rivers State and is thus one of the newest states of the Nigerian federation. Bayelsa State has one of the largest crude oil and natural gas deposits in Nigeria. As a result, petroleum production is extensive in the state. However, the majority of Bayelsans live in poverty. They are mainly rural dwellers due to the terrain and lack of adequate transportation, health, education or other infrastructure as a result of decades of neglect by the central governments, state governments, and petroleum prospecting companies. This has been a large problem in the state since its creation; successive state governments have not been able to address and repair the issue. The state, as a result, has an almost non-existent commerce. Successive state governments have embarked on industrial projects (even venturing into the oil and gas sector) and poverty-alleviation programs to reverse this situation. Some argue that there is nothing on ground to show for huge sums of money spent for development by successive and present state governments. Its mineral resources includes Clay: There are many different clay minerals that are used for industrial applications. Clays are used in the manufacturing of paper, refractories, rubber, ball clay, dinnerware and pottery, floor and wall tile, sanitary wear, fire clay, firebricks, foundry sands, drilling mud, iron-ore pelletizing, absorbent and filtering materials, construction materials, and cosmetics. Gypsum(partially investigated): Processed gypsum is used in industrial or building plaster, prefabricated wallboard, cement manufacture, and for agriculture. Limestone: A sedimentary rock consisting largely of the minerals calcite and aragonite, which have the same composition CaCO3". Limestone, along with dolomite, is one of the basic building blocks of the construction industry. Limestone is used as aggregate, building stone, cement, and lime and in fluxes, glass, refractories, fillers, abrasives, soil conditioners, and a host of chemical processes. Uranium (partially investigated): Uranium is a radioactive material used in nuclear defense systems and for nuclear generation of electricity. It also used in nuclear-medicine x-ray machines, atomic dating, and electronic instruments. Manganese (partially investigated): Manganese is essential to iron and steel production. Manganese is obtained from the ore minerals Braunite (Mn,Si)2O3, Pyrolusite MnO2, and Psilomelane BaMn9O18*2H2O. Lignite (partially investigated): About 79 percent of lignite coal is used to generate electricity, 13.5 percent is used to generate synthetic natural gas. Also, it is used as fuel for steam electric power generation in some countries The local population engage in fishing on a subsistence and commercial level. The Bayelsa State government is otherwise the main employer in the state. In summary part one, we are blessed and we need to explore to see the best! Tomorrow we will finish the rest.